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This country is located on the northwestern coast of South America, with Peru bordering to the South and East and Colombia to the north.
The famous Galapagos Islands belong to Ecuador, and are located 600 miles to the West in the Pacific Ocean.
Ecuador has a total area of 256,370 square kilometers of land and it is one of the smallest countries in South America after Uruguay and the Guyanas.
The geographic coordinates of Ecuador are: 2 00 S, 77 30 W (This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures)
Despite its small size Ecuador is probably the world’s most bio-diverse country, crammed with an astounding variety of wildlife, birds and vegetation existing in the contrasts of climatic zones.
With 9.2 species per km2, it occupies the first place in the world with regards to species per area.
Within a short time you can experience dramatic changes in landscapes, scenery, temperature and altitude.
Traveling between Pacific Coast beaches and the sweltering, hot and humid rain forest; to the charming Capital of Ecuador surrounded by snow-capped volcanoes and to colorful highland markets (like the Otavalo Indian Market) that add character and warmth to the windswept highlands of the Andes Mountains.
Hiking and trekking are world class in Ecuador, climbing the Cotopaxi or Chimborazo volcanoes are breathtaking adventures. Ecuador’s indigenous heritage of traditional costumes and highland markets will enchant you.
As for colonial buildings and architecture, the cities of Cuenca and Quito, both of which are Unesco World Heritage Sites are Ecuador’s top attractions.
The City of Baños is number one in adventure sports in the middle of nature. This city has an enticing mix of natural beauty and moving nightlife.
Now that you have a better idea where is Ecuador located, let’s see some other important facts…
Geography of Ecuador
Ecuador is one of the most geographically diverse countries in the world.
Ecuador is comprised of four distinct geographical regions:
- The Amazon Jungle in the East.
- The Highlands (Andes mountains) in the center.
- The Lowlands (the Pacific Ocean) in the west.
- And the worldwide known Galapagos Islands.
Climate of Ecuador
Because it is located on the equator, it is an excellent travel destination all year round.
The general overview in Ecuador weather is as follows:
The Amazon Rain forest has a humid and rainy climate. The average temperature varies from 23 to 26 oC (72 to 80 F).
The drier season is generally November to February.
The Highlands have a spring weather all year round.
The climate in the Andes Mountains varies according to the altitude and the time of the year.
In Quito the temperature ranges from 12 degrees C (60 F) at night, to 26 C (78 F) at noon, averaging 15 C (64 F).
The Coast is usually very warm with temperatures averaging 25 degrees C (76 F) to 31 C (90 F) during the year.
The rainy season (December to May) is warm and humid. The dry season is less humid.
The Galapagos Islands enjoy warm and dry weather year-round, with an average temperature of 28º C. (85 F).
Spanish is the official language. Most of Ecuador indigenous population speaks Quichua.
In many schools the English language is the second language taught.
There are 18 different languages among Ecuadorian Indian communities.
Today’s official currency is de US Dollars. The government has produced a series of local coins of 1,5,10,25 and 50 cents that have the same value as the American coins (which are also accepted).